Pleural Effusions

Muzumdar H. Pleural effusion. Pediatr Rev. 2012 Jan;33(1):45-7. doi: 10.1542/pir.33-1-45.

Islam S, Calkins CM, Goldin AB, Chen C, Downard CD, Huang EY, Cassidy L, Saito J, Blakely ML, Rangel SJ, Arca MJ, Abdullah F, St Peter SD. The diagnosis and management of empyema in children: a comprehensive review from the APSA outcomes and clinical trials committee. Journal of pediatric surgery 2012(47):2101-2110.

Carter E, Waldhausen J, Zhang W, Hoffman L, Redding G. Management of children with empyema: pleural drainage is not always necessary. Pediatric Pulmonology 2010(45):475-480.