Sleep Related Questionnaires

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Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES)

Name of questionnaire Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES)
Type of original questionnaire-description, age/population Self reported by children and adolescents regarding light, moderate or strenuous activity
Number of items 28 Questions
Number of domains & categories 2, weekday and weekend activity
Name of categories/domains   2, weekday and weekend activity
Scaling of items Answers are varied and require numerical values, percentages and/or multiple choice questions
Scoring available: with permission or free Free, from authors
Scoring test-retest reliability Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.72 in children with cystic fibrosis
Scoring Internal consistency Not available.
Validity Validated in children
Available forms (short and/or long etc.) Not applicable.
Language English
Translations in other languages (if yes, then list the languages) German4
Developer name John A. Hay
Developer contact information for permission -
Availability of questionnaire: needs permission from developer, cost or freely available Freely Available
Limitations Can be confusing, some instructions unclear
Link to the questionnaire (if available) -
Other comments Contact the author for copy of original publication and questionnaire.
Other Populations Typically, has been used in children with underlying co-morbidity e.g.: Cystic fibrosis, obesity.
References (including original publication, validity and reliability in different countries/languages, populations and long/short versions)
  1. Hay J: Development and testing of the habitual activity estimation scale.  In Children and exercise XIX. Volume 2006.  2 edition. Edited by: Armstrong N. Exeter: Singer Press; 1997:125-129.
  2. Wells GD, Wilkes DL, Schneiderman-Walker J, Elmi M, Tullis E, Lands LC, et al. Reliability and validity of the habitual activity estimation scale (HAES) in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008 Apr;43(4):345-53.
  3. Stephens S, Singh-Grewal D, Bar-Or O, Beyene J, Cameron B, Leblanc CMA, et al. Reliability of exercise testing and functional activity questionnaires in children with juvenile arthritis.
  4. Ruf KC, Fehn S, Bachmann M, Moeller A, Roth K, Kriemler S, et al.  Validation of activity questionnaires in patients with cystic fibrosis by accelerometry and cycle ergometry. BMC Med Res Methodol. 12,43(2012).
Updated by Hanna Hong, MD
The last date of update December 2020